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Sample Problem-Solution Essay on Pollution

Below is a sample outline and a well-developed problem-solution essay in APA 7th ed. on the topic: “Addressing Plastic Pollution in Oceans.” This sample is intended to help students write better essays.

Problem-Solution Essay: Addressing Plastic Pollution in Oceans

Essay Outline

  1. Introduction
    • Hook: Begin with a striking fact or statistic related to plastic pollution in oceans.
    • Background Information: Provide an overview of the growing problem of plastic pollution and its impact on marine ecosystems.
    • Thesis Statement: Clearly state the problem and your proposed solutions to mitigate plastic pollution in oceans and protect marine life.
  2. Problem Description
    • Problem Statement: Define the issue of plastic pollution in oceans, emphasizing its scale and environmental consequences.
    • Causes of Plastic Pollution: Examine the primary sources and causes of plastic pollution, including plastic production, improper disposal, and ocean currents.
    • Consequences: Detail the harmful effects of plastic pollution on marine life, including wildlife entanglement and ingestion, habitat destruction, and ecosystem disruption.
  3. Proposed Solutions
    1. Reduce Plastic Production and Consumption
      • Solution 1: Advocate for policies that reduce plastic production, particularly single-use plastics.
      • Supporting Details: Discuss the environmental impact of plastic production and the benefits of reducing plastic consumption.
      • Benefits: Explain how this solution can decrease the amount of plastic waste entering oceans.
    2. Improve Recycling and Waste Management
      • Solution 2: Propose initiatives to enhance recycling infrastructure and promote responsible waste management.
      • Supporting Details: Highlight successful recycling programs and the importance of proper disposal practices.
      • Benefits: Describe how improved recycling and waste management can reduce plastic leakage into oceans.
    3. Promote Public Awareness and Education
      • Solution 3: Suggest campaigns and educational programs to raise public awareness about plastic pollution.
      • Supporting Details: Explore the role of education in changing behavior and reducing plastic use.
      • Benefits: Emphasize the long-term benefits of informed and environmentally conscious citizens.
  4. Best Solution
    • Best Solution: Choose the most effective solution from the options presented in the previous section.
    • Rationale: Explain why this solution is the most practical and impactful for addressing plastic pollution in oceans.
  5. Conclusion
    • Restate the Problem: Summarize the key points about plastic pollution in oceans and its consequences.
    • Restate the Solution: Recap the chosen solution and its potential to mitigate the problem.
    • Call to Action: Encourage readers and stakeholders to take action, such as supporting policies and initiatives aimed at reducing plastic pollution.
    • Closing Statement: End with a compelling statement that underscores the importance of safeguarding our oceans and marine ecosystems from the scourge of plastic pollution.

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