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Writing Argumentative Discourse Analysis Essays

An argumentative discourse analysis essay is a type of argumentative writing that presents a balanced and objective analysis of a particular topic or issue. The aim of a discursive essay is to explore and discuss multiple perspectives on the subject, providing arguments and counterarguments in a logical and coherent manner.

It is important to note that an argumentative discourse essay should maintain an objective tone, avoiding personal biases or emotional language. The focus is on presenting a well-reasoned analysis of different perspectives rather than persuading the reader to adopt a specific viewpoint.

Review this argumentative discourse analysis essay example provided courtesy of our professional writers.

Note: There are 4 notable types of discourse essays:

  1. Descriptive Discourse
  2. Narrative Discourse
  3. Expository Discourse
  4. Argumentative Discourse

Presenting a Balanced Analysis in a Discourse Essay

Before embarking on writing a discourse essay, you will need to brainstorm ideas for each potential topic. To decide on which topic you will write about, list pros and cons (for and against) for each idea. Settle on the idea that has the most balanced analysis.

When listing the pros and cons of a particular topic or issue, it is important to ensure a fair and balanced presentation. Below are tips on how to effectively achieve this:

  1. Provide an equal number of pros and cons:
    • Aim to present an equal number of points for and against the topic to maintain balance.
    • This demonstrates your ability to consider different perspectives and avoids an overly biased portrayal of the issue.
  2. Use clear and concise language:
    • Clearly state each pro and con in a concise manner to maintain clarity and readability.
    • Avoid overly complex or convoluted language that may confuse the reader.
  3. Support each point with evidence and examples:
    • For each pro and con, provide supporting evidence, statistics, or real-life examples to strengthen your arguments.
    • This helps to substantiate your claims and adds credibility to your analysis.
  4. Address counterarguments:
    • Acknowledge and address potential counterarguments to the points you present.
    • This demonstrates your ability to consider alternative viewpoints and further enhances the fairness and balance of your analysis.
  5. Prioritize significance and relevance:
    • When listing pros and cons, prioritize the most significant and relevant points.
    • Focus on the key arguments that carry the most weight and contribute meaningfully to the overall analysis.
  • Remember, the aim is to provide a comprehensive and impartial assessment of the topic or issue. By listing pros and cons in a balanced manner, you showcase your ability to critically analyze different perspectives and present a well-rounded view.
  • You can learn more on how to evaluate arguments effectively in critical thinking.

Writing a Thesis Statement and Supportive Claims for a Discursive Essay

To write a thesis statement (main claim) and supportive claims in a discursive essay, follow these steps:

  1. Identify the main topic or issue you will be discussing in your essay.
  2. Formulate a clear and concise thesis statement that presents your main claim or argument regarding the topic.
  3. Develop supportive claims that provide evidence or reasons to support your main claim.

Here’s an example:

Topic: The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Job Market

Thesis Statement (Main Claim): Artificial intelligence is transforming the job market, leading to both opportunities and challenges for workers and society.

Supportive Claims:

  1. Artificial intelligence creates new job opportunities in emerging fields, such as data science and machine learning, contributing to economic growth and innovation.
  2. However, AI automation poses a threat to certain job sectors, leading to job displacement and potential unemployment for workers in traditional industries.
  3. Upskilling and retraining programs can help mitigate the negative impact of AI on the job market, ensuring workers are equipped with the necessary skills to adapt to the changing employment landscape.
  • These supportive claims provide specific angles or aspects of the main claim and establish a structure for the subsequent arguments and evidence in the discursive essay.
  • For a more detailed guide on writing claims, review our tutorial.

Structure of a Discursive Essay

In a discursive essay, the writer presents different viewpoints or arguments related to the topic and objectively evaluates each one. The essay typically begins with an introduction that provides background information and presents the main topic or question. The body of the essay consists of several paragraphs, each focusing on a specific point or argument. The writer should present evidence, examples, and logical reasoning to support each argument and consider different viewpoints.

A discursive essay concludes with a summary of the main arguments and a restatement of the writer’s own position, often highlighting the complexity of the issue and the need for further discussion or research.

Sample Format

Here is a commonly used structure for a discursive essay:

  1. Introduction:
    1. Start with a captivating opening sentence to grab the reader’s attention.
    2. Provide some background information on the topic.
    3. Present a clear and concise thesis statement that indicates the main topic and your position or stance.
  2. Main Body:
    1. Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that introduces a new point or argument.
    2. Present evidence, examples, and logical reasoning to support each point.
    3. Discuss different perspectives or counterarguments related to each point, addressing them in a fair and objective manner.
    4. Use transitional words or phrases to ensure a smooth flow between paragraphs and ideas.
  3. Conclusion:
    1. Summarize the main arguments presented in the essay.
    2. Restate your thesis statement, emphasizing your position or stance.
    3. Conclude with a thought-provoking statement, suggesting the broader implications of the topic or the need for further discussion.
  • Remember, the length and number of paragraphs in the main body will depend on the complexity of the topic and the required essay length. It is essential to maintain a logical progression of ideas, ensuring that each paragraph contributes to the overall coherence and cohesion of the essay.
  • Additionally, it is advisable to include an introduction and conclusion that are roughly equal in length. The introduction should provide enough context to engage the reader, while the conclusion should effectively wrap up the essay without introducing new arguments.

Tips on Writing an Effective Discursive Essay

An effective discursive essay is presents well-written and persuasive arguments that are error-free, and allows for the exploration of opposing opinions. The writer may present counterarguments to their own position and address them to demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the topic. The goal is to present a well-rounded analysis rather than promoting a specific perspective.

Here are some writing tips to help you craft an effective discursive essay:

  1. Plan and organize:
    • Before you start writing, spend time brainstorming ideas and gathering relevant information.
    • Create an outline or a mind map to organize your thoughts and arguments. You should create a list of pros and cons for each idea.
    • Ensure a logical flow of ideas by arranging your arguments in a coherent manner.
  2. Research and gather evidence:
    • Conduct thorough research on the topic to gather supporting evidence and examples.
    • Use a variety of sources such as books, academic journals, reputable websites, and expert opinions.
    • Take note of key points, statistics, and quotations that can strengthen your arguments.
  3. Develop a clear thesis statement:
    • Your thesis statement should clearly state your position or stance on the topic.
    • It should be concise, specific, and arguable.
    • Ensure that your thesis statement reflects the main focus of your essay.
  4. Use appropriate language and tone:
    • Maintain a formal tone throughout the essay.
    • Use clear and concise language to convey your ideas effectively.
    • Avoid overly emotional or biased language, as the aim of a discursive essay is to present a balanced analysis.
  5. Structure your essay effectively:
    • Follow the suggested structure of an introduction, main body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
    • Start each paragraph with a clear topic sentence that introduces a new point or argument.
    • Use transitional words and phrases to create smooth transitions between paragraphs and ideas.
  6. Present balanced arguments:
    • Present different perspectives and viewpoints related to the topic.
    • Support your arguments with evidence, examples, and logical reasoning.
    • Address counterarguments and opposing views, demonstrating a comprehensive understanding of the topic.
  7. Maintain coherence and cohesion:
    • Ensure that your essay flows logically from one paragraph to another.
    • Use linking words and phrases to connect ideas and create a cohesive narrative.
    • Check that each paragraph contributes to the overall coherence and supports your thesis statement.
  8. Proofread and edit:
    • Review your essay for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
    • Check for clarity and consistency of your arguments.
    • Edit and revise your essay to improve the structure, language, and overall readability.
  • Remember to check any specific guidelines or requirements provided by your educational institution or instructor.
  • Taking the time to plan, research, and revise your essay will help you produce a well-written and persuasive discursive essay.
  • A well-written discourse essay presents a balanced analysis and discussion of a specific topic or issue. The goal of a discourse or discursive essay is to explore multiple perspectives and provide arguments and counterarguments in a logical and objective manner.

Examples of Good Potential Topics for a Discourse Essay

Below are examples of good potential topics for a discourse essay (classified under broad subject categories). Choose a topic that you find interesting and relevant to your academic pursuits. Additionally, ensure that there is enough research material available to support your arguments and analysis.

  1. The Impact of Social Media on Society:

    Social Media Topic Ideas:

    • Explore the effects of social media on interpersonal relationships, mental health, privacy, and societal norms.
    • Discuss the role of social media in shaping public opinion, political discourse, and social movements.
    • Analyze both the positive and negative aspects of social media and its implications for individuals and society as a whole.
  2. Ethical Considerations of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Automation:

    Artificial Intelligence Topic Ideas:

    • Examine the ethical implications of AI and automation in various domains, such as employment, healthcare, and decision-making processes.
    • Discuss the potential risks and benefits of AI, including issues of bias, privacy, job displacement, and the impact on human autonomy.
    • Explore the responsibility of individuals, governments, and organizations in ensuring ethical development and deployment of AI technologies.
  3. Climate Change and Its Societal Consequences:

    Climate Change Topic Ideas:

    • Investigate the causes and consequences of climate change on ecosystems, economies, and vulnerable populations.
    • Analyze different approaches to mitigating climate change, such as renewable energy, sustainable agriculture, and international cooperation.
    • Discuss the role of government policies, technological innovations, and individual actions in addressing climate change and adapting to its impacts.
  4. The Pros and Cons of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs):

    GMOs Topic Ideas:

    • Explore the scientific advancements and potential benefits of GMOs in agriculture, such as increased crop yield and resistance to pests.
    • Discuss the concerns surrounding GMOs, including environmental impacts, food safety, and ethical considerations.
    • Analyze the regulatory frameworks and public perception of GMOs in different countries and their influence on agricultural practices.
  5. The Impact of Mass Media on Society:

    Mass Media Topic Ideas:

    • Examine the influence of mass media on public opinion, cultural values, and social norms.
    • Discuss the role of media in shaping perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors regarding various issues, such as politics, consumerism, and body image.
    • Analyze the challenges and responsibilities of media organizations in maintaining objectivity, avoiding misinformation, and promoting media literacy.
  6. The Future of Work in the Digital Age:

    Future of Work Topic Ideas:

    • Explore the implications of automation, artificial intelligence, and digital technologies on the nature of work and employment.
    • Discuss the potential benefits and challenges of remote work, the gig economy, and the rise of freelance and platform-based jobs.
    • Examine the need for reskilling and lifelong learning in adapting to the changing job market and ensuring inclusive and sustainable employment opportunities.
  7. The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare:

    Healthcare AI Topic Ideas:

    • Explore the applications of artificial intelligence in healthcare, such as diagnosis, treatment planning, and patient monitoring.
    • Discuss the potential benefits and challenges of integrating AI into healthcare systems, including issues of privacy, data security, and ethical considerations.
    • Analyze the impact of AI on healthcare professionals, patient-doctor relationships, and healthcare accessibility.
  8. The Effects of Globalization on Culture:

    Globalization Topic Ideas:

    • Examine the influence of globalization on cultural diversity, traditions, and identities.
    • Discuss the positive and negative impacts of globalization on local cultures, including changes in language, art, music, and cultural practices.
    • Analyze the role of globalization in promoting cultural exchange, intercultural understanding, or cultural homogenization.
  9. The Relationship between Technology and Education:

    Technology and Education Topic Ideas:

    • Explore the integration of technology in education, including the use of online learning platforms, educational apps, and virtual reality.
    • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of technology in the classroom, such as personalized learning, accessibility, and potential distractions.
    • Analyze the impact of technology on teaching methods, student engagement, and the future of education.
  • Remember, these topics are broad and can be narrowed down or modified based on your interests and the specific focus you wish to take in your discourse essay.
  • Remember to select a topic that you are genuinely interested in and passionate about. This will make the writing process more engaging and enjoyable for you. Additionally, ensure that there is enough information and research available to support your arguments and analysis.